original dream for nuclear power was that it would create a world free
from deprivation and suffering; instead, with its need for a
rigorous security system, it is
opening up the prospect of a repressive
society in which dissent can no longer be tolerated."
Peter Bunyard, "Nuclear Britain", 1981, New English Library.
Last up-dated, 29/6/16
The beach bungalows at Braystones, Cumbria.
Visible in the background is St. Bees Head. The proposed RWE
power station, which was rejected by the government in 2012 as unacceptable1, 2,
would have been on the fields to the right.
In August, 2012, a landslip derailed a train at the top of the
picture, a further one stranded the rescue train.
The limestone patch on the right of the picture are the scene of a further landslip in 2014.
railway serves Sellafield's nuclear flask trains and is little
changed from when it was completed in 1850. Residents have
complained for years about what they see as an unsafe line.)
We have been told by NuGen staff and local councillors, "Nothing can stop this being built". We beg to differ:
the European courts may be interested in the assistance offered to
NuGen by way of subsidies and other financial benefits - some hidden;
the reactor design has many flaws that may yet prove to be beyond the capability of Westinghouse to resolve at a viable cost;
the public outcry when it is realised just what an imposition
this site is and what its impact on the existing amenity would be;
- the lack of available finance at rates which would enable the project to be even slightly viable.
In the unfortunate event of a nuclear incident occurring, anywhere in
the world, the public will certainly have more serious thoughts about
the risks posed by nuclear power generation.
Plans Branded "Unrealistic" for the impact of the EU referendum below.
Nothing can stop the building? We shall see.
"Even without the link to nuclear proliferation, nuclear power carries
dangers of a magnitude that we ought not to accept. There is
something profoundly stupid about continuing to multiply a series of
engineering marvels that contain fifteen billion curies of radiation.
We do not know enough about radiation and cannot be sure enough
of our technical prowess to allow this system to dominate our energy
supply. Moreover, the instinctive fear of radioactivity is not
irrational, as the nuclear advocates assert; it is also so
universal and so enduring that it is a politcal fact of life."
from "The Nuclear Barons" by Peter Pringle and James Spigelman
Why Stop Moorside?
A quick summary of the points on which we have based our objections. Most are expanded on in other articles.
1. Flawed design which has no secondary containment
Potential for corrosion in reactor vessel - exacerbated by the
dampness and salty atmosphere from its position on the coast.
ii. Would not withstand a terrorist attack, even with a concrete outer shell.
iii. Untried and untested
design - despite what the NuGen staff told the public at the Braystones
consultation meeting, there are no AP 1000 reactors "up and running".
iv. Reactor widely condemned as unsafe; allegations that the design has cut corners to reduce costs.
2. Environmental impact
The only way
to dissipate the output of the thermal equivalent of 6 GigaWatts
(6,000,000,000 Watts - the equivalent of 2,000,000 three-bar electric
fires) is via direct discharge to the
atmosphere/environment. In essence, a tremendous amount of
heat needs to be got rid of, either by heating the air considerably, or
by warming the Irish Sea considerably; neither are likely to have
a beneficial effect. See the article on the FACTs page, entitled, "Further Thoughts on Cooling Towers", for more details.
NuGen have confirmed they do not know what
impact discharging that amount of heat into the Irish Sea would
have. Attendees at consultations have regularly been given
misleading, incomplete, conflicting or incorrect
information. e.g. The disparate statements from
two members of staff over the heating impact of the discharges were
confusing. Would it be 1 - 2° or 10 - 13°?
3. No published financial data
going to gain from the Électricité de France (EdF)
negotiations, which have been widely recognised as an extremely
expensive and long-term commitment?
Would they gain the same £92.50 per kW/h? This is 2½ times the current price of electricity.
The deal with Électricité de
France guaranteed this level of income, index linked, for 50
years. Have NuGen been promised the same?
What subsidies and guarantees have the U.K. government made to NuGen and are the EU authorities aware of them?
Where is the money coming from for the new-build and all the additional resources - NuGen or the British taxpayer?
Toshiba recently had to admit to overstating
their profits by $1,220,000,000 - a fact known about by top management
who were subsequently obliged to resign in disgrace. Are
they deserving of our trust to build and supply our power?
4. Lack of Planning
site is immediately alongside "the most dangerous chemical works in
Europe". An event at either could have devastating and
How would the alarm systems be made distinctive & recognisable?
Any changes to the topography and ground-water
flow may have an adverse effect on the SSSIs that are based on singular
It is not possible to foresee all consequences and mitigate against them.
NuGen propose mitigation for animals, but none is mentioned for residents.
5. The proposed sites are contaminated by radioactive material
contamination at the adjacent Sellafield/Calder Hall/Windscale site
amounts to 13,000,000 cubic metres of soil. The
contamination is not likely to have been restricted to just those
sites, but would also have affected the Moorside site, with the
potential for affecting construction workers and local communities.
At least one aquifer near Sellafield is known
to be radioactively contaminated. Digging large holes in
its vicinity may change ground-water flow.
The two harbours proposed, together with the
cooling water pipelines, are in the area where the highest number of
finds of radioactive materials occurs. The disturbance of
these sediments, sands and soils would inevitably pose a risk of more
radiation-related illnesses amongst residents and workers.
Furthermore, the area is a designated marine conservation
zone. The immediate area affected is the only remaining
section of undeveloped beach and is admired by visitors and
holiday-makers from all over the country.
Details of the larger of the two harbours are
not made known clearly.
Enquiries produced the statement
that only the smaller one would be permanent - but the larger one may
in fact, also become permanent, according to yet another of
6. Unnecessary development of amenities
“improvements” to the area are unnecessary and only of
benefit to NuGen and its potential employees. Existing
resources are mainly adequate for the current usage by locals and
The development would kill off the tourist
industry, in the same way that visitors are already deterred by
The current landscape is natural and cannot be "improved" by anything that NuGen designs.
The development would be a significant
encroachment on the seascape and an ugly intrusion, visible for long
distances, thus producing an even greater loss of visual amenity from
land and sea.
7. Outmoded concept
large-reactor template is now to be superseded by smaller reactors
which can be located nearer point of need, thus reducing transmission
line losses and costs, major and expensive changes to the National
Grid, while also providing more flexibility in the National Grid.
8. The consultation process is flawed
Braystones beach residents (and others) failed to receive NuGen communications in a timely fashion.
The data from the current borehole survey would not be available until the consultation process has closed.
That the consultation has failed is evidenced by the small number of respondents: 0.5% of Copeland’s population.
traffic - goods and personnel - would be using roads totally unsuitable
for the traffic which would be generated and there are no means of
by-passing any accident or incident which blocks the road.
The current road situation cannot handle even
a single exodus of staff during shift changes, so, should there be an
"incident" – at either one or both sites, or if shift changes at
Sellafield and Moorside coincide, it will be impossible for emergency
vehicles to get through and departing staff and the public to escape
A detour could require a 90 mile trip.
In the event of, say, heavy lifting equipment
being required, or additional emergency services, it would take too
long for them to get to the site.
Braystones residents have long complained
about the state of the level crossing and railway infra-structure to no
avail. They have pointed out that the line still relies on
an infra-structure designed by Stephenson over 160 years ago. It
is single-tracked and remotely controlled. No attempt is
made to address the danger. None of the proposed railway
spurs around the main site are included in the make-believe pictures
provided by NuGen.
At Braystones, there have been 93
incidents between 5/1/10 and 3/4/15 (Network Rail data). Is
such a line suitable for nuclear transport?
Other incidents include
derailments, bridge collapse under a chemical train which resulted in
the destruction of two bungalows, and several landslips.
There are still a number of complaints about the state of the railway
line outstanding and unresolved. The proposed changes would
not improve that section of line.
Increased rail traffic will cause problems for those living alongside
the line: nuisance from greater and more frequent noise and
vibration, more frequent and longer waits to cross the line.
Will trains run during anti-social hours?
10. Ultimate Waste Disposal
There is no statement about the amount of waste that would be produced, nor its ultimate disposal.
It is likely that all high level waste would
need to be stored on the site for at least 50 years. This
means that there would be an even greater spread of highly toxic
materials with all that would attract a terrorist attack.
The sole means of disposal of highly
radioactive waste is a GDF (Geological disposal facility - or
Where is this dump? None has been
built, its location remains undecided, and its long-term ability to
contain the high levels of radioactive materials is almost impossible
to predict. Even if one were built, the necessary treatment
of such waste needed to enable its dumping, is proving impossible to
achieve and of insufficient longevity.
Statements about half-lives
mislead. No human-built structure has ever lasted the many
tens of thousands of years over which some of the materials would
remain dangerous and need to be kept safe. For some of the
products, the passage of one half-life is insufficient to render them
safe, and some would need the expiration of several half-lives before
they can be handled. Ultimately, the
underground dump would leak. Is this a satisfactory
solution – just leave it to other generations?
NuGen's documentation (Consultation Document,
Stage 2, May, 2016, P. 47, Para 5) envisages encapsulation in buildings
which haven't yet been built and whose process is not adequate to make
the waste safe for the entire time that some of it would remain
Encapsulation does not endure
indefinitely. Eventually, the capsules break down and the
radioactive materials enter the environment. The higher the
radioactivity contained in a capsule the shorter the lifespan of the
How would the waste be removed and transported to the envisaged encapsulation process and, ultimately, the underground dump?
When the inevitable leak occurs, deep
underground and in a highly radioactive environment, how would it be
resolved and who would clean it up? By the time it was detected it would be too late anyway.
11. Intrusive Nature of the National Grid Connection
necessitates the construction of two chains of highly intrusive pylons
several miles long in an area only just outside the Lake District
National Park, and they, the Moorside site and the Sellafield complex
would all combine to produce the effect of a highly-industrialised area
in a totally inappropriate setting, and clearly detrimental to the Lake
District National Park which is only a short distance away.
The attractions of natural long-distance landscapes and seascapes will be adversely affected. Permanently.
12. Distortion of Political and Social Scene
have been published that the nuclear industry has been having an
excessive influence on the area - from commercial, educational, social,
and political standpoints.
When the need for construction workers abates,
the area would become further depressed and unemployment would further
exceed the national norm.
Housing stock proposed to be built would become redundant as workers move away, thus depressing house-prices.
More nuclear development means ever-greater dependency on it for the economy, to the detriment of other livelihoods.
13. Overuse of natural resources
The site would
demand copious quantities of water which would be drawn from a variety
of sources. Most of these contribute to the natural beauty
of the Lake District landscape. Water supply is already fully utilised.
14. Impinges on basic human rights
accept that their plans would have a devastating effect on residents
during the construction and commissioning phases of the project and,
effectively, for ever. Just the announcement of the plans
has blighted property prices and caused hardship, as well as feelings
of stress, insecurity and instability. It also seems likely that NuGen's plans would impinge on the human
rights of residents, who are entitled to a peaceful enjoyment of their
For the above reasons, we believe that the flaws in the consultation
process, together with the above concerns, are conducive to an
application for a judicial review. Some of the failures and
deliberate untruths must surely merit legal challenge, too.
When the nuclear plants have worn out, all
that will be left for local Cumbrians is the toxic waste and spoilt and
The project at Moorside, if allowed to go ahead, is set to survive, in
one form or another, for hundreds of years. Its legacy
would endure far beyond that, probably for millennia. Is
that really the best that west Cumbria can think of - to leave this
dangerous, untreatable, toxic mess to perpetuity? Surely we are
better than that?
"There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.”
Benjamin Disraeli Crichton, 1965
through the NuGen sales brochure - it is not possible to consider it a
consultation document - may unintentionally give some a misleading
impression. We note elsewhere the questions posed, and express
our incredulity at, the published figure of 73% in agreeing in response
to "Do you agree with the need to develop a new nuclear power station
at the Moorside search area?" Then you consider the question:
Are respondees agreeing with the need for a new power station,
that it needs to be nuclear, or that it needs to be at Moorside? Or all three, or any combination of alternatives?
Then look at the published figure of 73% "in favour". This is 263 people out of a mere 375.
NuGen's own documentation says that 12,000 people a day can be
served in Sellafield's canteen, which, coincidentally is where NuGen
held one of their meetings.
Can the 73% figure allegedly in favour of one of the points in the question be extrapolated
to represent a proper indication of the wishes of the general
population? No. Yet that is how it is intended to be interpreted we believe. Utterly deceitful.
How many thousands will be affected by
the proposed development? According to official statistice, in
2011 (the latest we can find) there were 70,603 Copeland residents.
So far then, NuGen have received responses from .5% of the
residents and of them 263 people or .38% of the entire population of
Copeland agreed. Not quite as pro-nuclear as the NuGen version.
Some of the responses came from Allerdale residents who are
virtually unaffected, but we have not included those in the
calculations, to the benefit of NuGen's propaganda.
Then we have to question why the second most-pro-nuclear council in the land, Allerdale, has been included. Adding in the 90,000 Allerdale residents to the above calculations roughly halves the above results.
Looking at the maps and reading list of changes NuGen are going
to impose, if they have their way, it is difficult to see what impact,
if any, the proposed development would have on those residents.
From the maps, there is no way of telling what connection the respondee
has with the nuclear industry, or any obligation or benefit arising
Were the Allerdale responees included to dilute the responses from those who object to the proposals? Surely not.
such a low response to the consultation process does confirm our
suggestion that the consultation is flawed and/or just not working.
Properly done a reasonable consultation could be expected to
attract at least 30% of the population, engaging them sufficiently to
prompt them to respond. We believe that a proper census would
reveal that the vast majority of residents would be against nuclear
develpment, especially on such a large scale and of such longevity.
However, they have not been made fully aware of the impact of the
proposed Moorside development.
Toshiba's Plans Branded "Unrealistic"
Nuclear Fallout After Referendum
for Toshiba's nuclear development are "unrealistic", according to a
Senior Analyst at Moody's. The new CEO of Toshiba claims that
the aims were achievable, despite having only taken over the job last
week following the resignation of his predecessor after a $1.3 billion
accounting scandal. We wonder whether he really knows what is
going on and whether he fully considered the ramifications of the exit
of the U.K. from the European Union - including the fall of the pound
on international markets. This must surely mean that the cost of
building Moorside will rise, making it even less viable in the longer
According to the article published by Reuters, "Given
strong anti-nuclear power sentiment after the Fukushima nuclear
accident in 2011 and delays in plant construction, we believe this
target is unrealistic."
We agree with Reuters as the U.K.'s nuclear authorities criticise the
progress made in rectifying the 51 faults in the Westinghouse AP1000
reactor. (Westinghouse is owned by Toshiba.) They are
also concerned about the quality and tardiness of the associated
paperwork. Still, we are supposed to believe that they are on
schedule. We shall see. How long before the first delays
are announced and how big will be the increases in construction costs.
In our article on the Facts page, "A Matter of Trust", we mention that "Sources
said previously that one of the investigators' theories was that top
executives, worried about the impact of the 2011 Fukushima disaster on
nuclear business, set unrealistic targets for new operations such as
smart meters and electronic toll booths."
Seems like they are never going to learn. Let us hope Toshiba
have stopped cooking the books and won't need to cut any more corners
on the AP1000 design. In any case, given the number of similar
reactors that Toshiba are hoping to build around the globe, won't there
be difficulties meeting the need for specialist steels, construction
materials, control circuitry, and skilled manpower?
Out of interest, Hitachi, who were planning on building a couple of
nuclear power stations, including Wylfa, have said that they will have
to "take stock and assess the situation".
Hitachi's official statement says: "A
potential departure from the EU creates uncertainty in terms of
economics, trade, skills and talent - particularly in manufacturing,
and would affect the stability that we need for continued investment
and long-term growth."
The referendum result caused losses of $2,000,000,000 for investors.
The worst single-day losses in history. Amazing that
Toshiba aren't affected. Britain's sovereign debt credit rating
was lowered by Standard and Poor's agency. Also downgrading the U.K.'s financial status are Fitch and Moody's.
So, no problems with
£multi-billion investments, eh? It is therefore difficult
to understand why some parts of that other really stupid idea, HS2, may
not be built. So 200 mph into a field somewhere in
The other interesting thing is the reaction to the departure from the
EU on the part of our erstwhile firiends. Hopefully their
attitude will cause the politicians here to look at who our friends
really are - after all, we were going to share so much with them all -
and pay them for the pleasure!
issuing reams of propaganda and sales literature, lining the walls
of the consultation venues with huge propaganda posters
and making statements that try to persuade people the matter of
building a nuclear reactor is already done and dusted and the public
it or lump it, constitute a meaningful version of consultation?
We think not.
The engagement of a PR firm to
do their dirty
work for them does not
excuse NuGen from their obligations to properly consult. This is
about a development which is, after all, going to seriously impose on
Cumbria for at least 100 years and probably an awful lot more.
PR companies are glorified salesmen, interested only in pleasing their
client and obtaining their fees. They are not people in a
explain the full impact of the proposals on the amenity, environment
and lifestyle, of thousands of residents.
There should be a moritorium on new nuclear building at least until the
industry can demonstrate (not just theorise) that they can deal with
the waste they produce and keep it safe from the environment and
Please take a look at https://nugenconsultation.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Proposed-Scheme-Overview.pdf,
where NuGen have published "illustrative impressions" of the proposed
site. They are noteworthy for omitting the Sellafield site
in its entirety and, according to the illustration, the entire site
appears to be unfenced. Still, they say they will build a
(radioactive?) mud wall. According to our memory, there used to
be a railway line between the site and the sea - where on earth can
that have disappeared to? This is an electricity generating
plant, yet there doesn't seem to be any way of connecting to the
national grid on the pictures. So, why are the National Grid
people saying that they need 150' high pylons stretching across the
landscape? Surely this propaganda is not intending to mislead or
be dishonest in any way?
minimised is the building of a power station, presumably to supply
emergency power. What fuel will this be using and will its
pollution include CO2? Does that CO2 get
counted in the list of nuclear pollutants, or does it, like so many
other parts of the cycle, get ignored in order to perpetuate the myth
that nuclear is in the slightest bit clean?
proposed works include the marine off-loading facility, which we would
call a harbour, and the circulating water system, which we would call
submarine radiators, which will provide cooling water from the Irish
Sea. They can only do that by exchanging the heat generated by
the reactors for cooler water - which means, of course, that the sea
will become a lot warmer, especially in localised areas and during
the summer months when there are relatively few storms to circulate the
waters. There is no mention of the impact that dissipating
twice the thermal output of the reactors into the confines of the Irish
Sea will have, either locally or globally. On the
same page as the illustration above, NuGen continues that it may be
necessary to regulate the use of the marine off-loading facility
(replete with inappropriate capitalisation to make it seem impressive)
and waters around it "in order to provide a safe marine management environment, so the DCO [Development Consent Order] Application is likely to include a request for powers to establish a Harbour Authority".
No mention is made of the proposed longevity of this proposed harbour,
nor any indication as to why marine management - safe or otherwise,
depending on viewpoint - might be necessary.
As well as the reactors themselves there will be "support buildings, a substation and a circulating water system (including a forebay) [whatever one of those might be!] using water from the Irish Sea." Happily, earthworks required to "accommodate
temporary laydown areas and bunds (to be re-profiled postconstruction)
for screening, noise reduction and landscaping" will protect
everyone from any unpleasantness. (Won't the soil be
contaminated from the 1957 Sellafield fire?) The blurb continues,
"Elsewhere on the identified
development site there will be replacement habitats, environmental
offsetting, common land replacement, flood plain compensation (if
required) and Public Rights of Way (“PROW”) diversions and
other amenity diversions." As well as the
capitalised marine off-loading facility, NuGen will build a bridge
across the River Ehen floodplain and (note the inappropriate capitals -
so, again, it must mean something grand) a Heavy Haul Road, and new
rail spurs and facilities. Several new roads in the area are also
planned. When it comes to drainage, everything will
magically disappear down a grid into the Irish Sea. Will it be
checked for radioactivity before being discharged? Fresh water
needs have yet to be achieved, but the River Ehen and a few local lakes
might become somewhat smaller in the future.
Having spent some considerable time reading the sale pitch supplied at
the Braystone meeting, and knowing how people we have spoken to are so
against the project, it was somewhat surprising to read the
overwhelmingly positive view expressed by so many people, to questions
Do you agree with the need to develop a new nuclear power station at the Moorside search area? 73% in favour.
Do you agree with our transport strategy for the Moorside Project being
rail-focused to minimise road usage, particularly at peak
The maps depicting the origin of the responses being analysed provided
no clues of course. Then we recalled reading an earlier
paragraph where a meeting had been held in Sellafield's canteen.
Now where else would you expect to find such supportive evidence?
NuGen say that up to 12,000 people use the canteen each day.
We also have to wonder why Allerdale council are being given
such a strong role, but then remember that Copeland and Allerdale were
the only councils in the whole of the U.K. that wanted to host the
nuclear dump. Allerdale are as pro-nuclear as Copeland.
You can supply your own reasons for that distortion.
At the end of May, in Keswick, 90% of the people spoken to by
representatives of Radiation Free Lakeland were opposed to new nuclear
build in Cumbria. As Ms. Birkby point out, this does not
tally with what NuGen are saying, which is that “Cumbria wants
new nuclear build.” She goes on, "A recent poll in
the Evening Mail indicated that 85% of those voting do not want new
nuclear build in Cumbria. Tourists said they would think
twice about coming to Cumbria if dangerous new nuclear reactors were
just have to love the marvellous lack of vocabulary that the very
expensive, but not very knowledgeable, PR firm staff seem to
have. Apart from the unnecessary capitlisation mentioned,
they have have to invent a new word, "signalised"
to describe changes to road junctions. Unknowledgeable?
Well, we haven't yet received any answers to any of the questions
posed. Either they don't know, or 'wait and see' seems to be the
the propaganda goes on to mention the various improvements that will
result to the environment as a result of becoming home to even greater
nuclear hazards than those already extant: completely
ignoring the fact that the area is naturally beautiful and wouldn't
need any of the enhancements that NuGen are proposing if it weren't for
NuGen. Should we really be grateful? The losses
will be far greater than the gains in our opinion. As we
have always said, improvements in road and rail links, health services,
education, sports facilities, leisure facilities, skills and training
are the job of government and local politicians to provide, not the
carrot at the end of the stick in a blackmail arrangement.
Even so, we are at a loss as to understand how and why they think they
can improve the visual amenity, or why there needs to be investment in
landscape and townscape to improve the visual appearance of the
area. Better than God then? How does the
imposition of their great ugly mess, complete with the destruction of a
huge swathe of rural lifestyle, compounded by its proximity to
Sellafield, actually fit into their propaganda?
a misleading picture is the one on the left above, scanned from NuGen's
propaganda - sorry
information sheet. An object lesson in how to mislead the public
without words. This was once a beautiful area, but then came
Sellafield's ugly and dangerous sprawl. Now they propose to add
this in the farmland to the upper left of the Sellafield picture.
So determined are NuGen to mislead the public, missing are
the two harbours (aka Marine Off-loading Facilities), the
railway line - with new spurs into the site, and not least for a power
generating site, no
indication of the hundreds of 150' high pylons that will have to be
built in order to take away the
produced electricity. Or is that little arrangement, which might
possibly be a pylon, in the bottom left truly indicative of the
impact? Isn't it at the incoming power end, rather than
the main National Grid connection end?
Where is the road access and "Heavy Haulage Road" mentioned elsewhere in the glaringly misleading guff?
wonders, too, where the fresh water supplies and site drainage
facilities are, but perhaps they are too unsightly to be shown.
is also difficult to reconcile this with other pictures offered in other
NuGen literature, which we must presume are solely the product of
a fevered artist's imagination.
cooling water pipes, we assume, are depicted at top right, but seem to
be inadequate for the purpose of cooling three reactors, surely?
We note what are possibly the cooling water ponds open to the atmosphere,
with all the
potential for leakage and environmental impact that that implies.
Not only that, but surely, if there are no unshown boundary works, there will be absolutely no protection
from either coastal erosion or the winter storms. Yet for the
last three years there have been huge storms over winter, and this
design is supposed to endure for over 120 years!
So much is
missing the whole thing is a travesty. Still, at least by doing
it from on high they have minimised the vertical intrusion - the
reactor vessel alone is 91' high.
issue a challenge to NuGen: get your artist off his waccy baccy, give
him/her the true plans -- with all the conveniently missing bits like
cooling towers and pylons.
Give instructions that the impression must show how it looks when added to Sellafield, and
let them be drawn from, say, Cold Fell.
Let's see how intrusive this
proposal really is.
Let's issue a challenge to NuGen: get your artist off his waccy
baccy, give him/her the true plans- with all the conveniently missing
bits like cooling towers and pylonse, how it looks when added to
Sellafield, and let them be drawn from, say, Cold Fell. Let's
see how intrusive this proposal really is
We wonder, too, about Westinghouse's claim that it achieves "The highest levels of safety" when it relies "100% on natural forces for indefinite passive core cooling".
According to nuclear power expert, Arnie Gundersen (http://www.fairewinds.org/), if anything should cause the reactor vessel to be breached, natural convection currents will dissipate not only the heat,
but also the entire contents over a very wide area, as there is no further method of containment.
Sorry, In The Heat of The Moment We Missed Something:
Deceipt By Omission
Cooling water for the power station is proposed be drawn from the Irish
Sea via an intake structure (or structures) mounted on the sea bed. The
water would then be conveyed via a tunnel (or tunnels) under the sea
bed to the power station via a forebay structure (a large balancing
tank). A pumping station would be used to overcome the head difference.
2.25 Cooling water would be returned to the sea via a dedicated outfall
tunnel, located under the seabed. It is likely to be within 2 to 6 km
offshore, but sufficiently far from the intake(s) to prevent
recirculation of the returned cooling water. The Scoping Report states
that it is anticipated that cooling water demand will result in the
intake and discharge of approximately 45 cubic metres per second
(cumecs) of water per reactor. The three reactors will generate a total
demand of approximately 150 cumecs, which will be discharged into the
2.26 The Scoping Report states that a range of process effluents and
surface water drainage from the operational power station are also
likely to be discharged into the sea with the cooling water.
matter how much water they are pumping through the system, the fact
remains that they have to dissipate huge amounts of heat, either
directly into the atmosphere via the cooling towers, or into the Irish Sea via the under-sea heat exchangers (radiators in effect). CO2
is not the sole producer of global warming. Direct heat cuts out
the middleman, but is surely just as effective as heat produced by CO2.
As with the developments listed in the foregoing article, there is no
sign of cooling towers in any of the literature. We consider
this to be dishonest and deliberately misleading. The usual
design of tower associated with nuclear power stations is known is a
hyperboloid cooling tower. They are generally between 330' and
660' high. So, very prominent then. Why are they missing
from the "indicative view of the Moorside site" supplied by NuGen?
It is certainly indicative of the misleading information on
offer to the public. How could a professional artist miss two
harboours and at least one, probably more, cooling tower from his
"impression" if it is intended to convey any idea to the general
public. The latter are in for a very nasty shock when they wake
up and find two harbours, two (at least) sets of extremely high pylons
striding across the countryside, conveniently just missing - but still
plainly intrusively visible from - the Lake District National Park, and
a couple of cooling towers rising to over 300'!
One might think cooling towers are innoccuous things, merely using water to get rid of unwanted heat. However,
if seawater is used (convenient when near to the coast), the drift of
fine droplets emitted from the cooling towers contain nearly 6%
salt, which is deposited on the nearby land. According to
"This deposition of sodium salts on the nearby agriculture/vegetative
lands can convert them into sodic saline or sodic alkaline soils
depending on the nature of the soil and enhance the sodicity of ground
and surface water. The salt deposition problem from such cooling towers
aggravates where national pollution control standards are not imposed
or not implemented to minimize the drift emissions from wet cooling
towers using seawater make-up.
"Respirable suspended particulate
matter, of less than 10 micrometers (µm) in size, can be present
in the drift from cooling towers. Larger particles above 10
µm in size are generally filtered out in the nose and throat via
cilia and mucus but particulate matter smaller than 10 µm,
referred to as PM10, can settle in the bronchi and lungs and cause
health problems. Similarly, particles smaller than 2.5 µm,
(PM2.5), tend to penetrate into the gas exchange regions of the lung,
and very small particles (less than 100 nanometers) may pass through
the lungs to affect other organs. Though the total particulate
emissions from wet cooling towers with fresh water make-up is much
less, they contain more PM10 and PM2.5 than the total emissions from
wet cooling towers with sea water make-up. This is due to lesser
salt content in fresh water drift (below 2,000 ppm) compared to the
salt content of sea water drift (60,000 ppm)."
If that isn't worrying enough, the entry then continues:
very large structures, cooling towers are susceptible to wind damage,
and several spectacular failures have occurred in the past. At
Ferrybridge power station on 1 November 1965, the station was the site
of a major structural failure, when three of the cooling towers
collapsed owing to vibrations in 85 mph (137 km/h) winds.
Although the structures had been built to withstand higher wind speeds,
the shape of the cooling towers caused westerly winds to be funnelled
into the towers themselves, creating a vortex. Three out of the
original eight cooling towers were destroyed, and the remaining five
were severely damaged. The towers were later rebuilt and all
eight cooling towers were strengthened to tolerate adverse weather
conditions. Building codes were changed to include improved
structural support, and wind tunnel tests were introduced to check
tower structures and configuration."
Let's hope that there are no corners cut to save on costs at Moorside.
See the Facts page for more thoughts on the subject.
view of the Sellafield site from the north.
The farmland in the
foreground is where they are proposing to dig to install Moorside.
Note Black Combe and Corney Fell in the background; round to the left are the
lakeland fells and some of the highest mountains in England, including
Scafell Pike, Great Gable and Lingmell, with the Langdale Pikes also
|Did they miss a trick?
After all, if they really wanted to capture the hearts as well as the
minds of the children in the area, then this might have been a better
piece of propaganda.
Even the 6,400 at peak employees will have to come from outside the
area, so the "virus" that has caused so much trouble with cancers and
leukemias in the area will become even more prevalent. If it
isn't really a "virus", but down to the pollution from nuclear power
plants, how many more cancers and radiation-related illnesses can we
expect? How many cases before it becomes intolerable?
Radiation is known to cause cancers and leukemias, so that is where our
beliefs lie. Disturbing age-old discharges cannot be considered
sensible or safe under any circumstances.
year there were only just over 4,000 unemployed people in the whole of
Cumbria. It seems likely that many of them would not have
the skills required to perform technical tasks to the level required in
NuGen will be helping "improve" the towns in the area, too, apparently. If
the buildings designed by the people working for Selalfield in the area
are anything to go by, then we can look foreward to modern blocks which
will have no connection whatsoever with the characterful Georgian style of
Whitehaven and its hinterland. In yet another artist's impression, this time of the main entrance, there
seems to be a high fence between the car park and the main part
of the site. The fence seems to be higher than the
single-storey office block! Funny it doesn't appear on the other
Funny how the old Pow Beck failed so spectacularly, yet is now
available for NuGen to build on. Almost as if it were
preordained. Same old lead planner, too.
we will have the benefit of cycling and walking connectivity, supply
chain opportunities, training, and everything else that even retired
people would regard as Utopia, but don't we already have sufficient for
our needs? Who will be the main beneficiaries? NuGen
staff, perhaps? So, no NuGen, no need . . . Why are they trying to con us this way?
cultivation and nurturing of local politicians is certainly paying off
handsomely. (Play your cards right and you could end up with an
MBE, or even better a well-paid job with, er, Nugen.) How many of these people are in some way
beholden to the nuclear industry? Anywhere else in the
country would be up in arms about the ideas that are being presented by
NuGen as a fait accompli. Here they are being
welcomed. Why? Even if there are no "incidents"
- a euphemism if ever there was one - the nuclear industry continually
produces, and in some cases discharges, considerable amounts of the
most toxic materials in the world. How can they be allowed
to do this?
have examined the sales brochures supplied by NuGen to sell the idea
that the scheme is a fait accompli and that the great majority of
people are in favour. We remain unconvinced.
appears in the brochures to explain how many people will really be
coming into the area. We are told that the peak number of workers
will be 6,500. We know that the majority of these will be from
outside Cumbria. Presumably they will be bringing with them family
and, perhaps, friends. Let us assume that the national norm of a
partner and some children will be brought in with the breadwinner;
this means that there will be around 1300 adults. Families, according
to national statistics are comprised of two adults and an average of
1.8 children - further 5,200. In total then, 18200 new residents can
be expected to arrive. Rather more substantial than NuGen's figures.
next glaring omission is any suggestion as to how the requisite
increases in health and social services provision will be achieved.
Presumably there will be a need for sexual, physical and mental health
service to be greatly increased to meet the likely demand. How many
extra GPs will be required and from whence will they come? Similarly
with all the emergency services. More police, ambulance and fire
service personnel and equipment will be required.
Will the 5,200 additional children all manage to find places in schools, colleges, etc.?
this seems to indicate that those clever people in London, encouraged
by the blinkered NuGen personnel, have completely misunderstood how the
rural community is made up. This is a place where we currently have
four trains a day - not four every three minutes - on none at all on
Sundays and Bank Holidays. The roads do not permit emergency vehicles
to travel at great speeds, and blue lights and two-tone horms have
little benefit down our kind of road.
One of the basics of human
rights is the supply of clean pure water. NuGen are expecting United
Utilities to come up with an answer to their needs - presumably
following Sellafield's example of not paying for anything either. Yet
United Utilities do not magically produce water on demand. It has to
come from a stream, river, well, or spring.in at least a
treatably-clean form. Because of the great reliance on water to
places like Moorside, the supply has to be guaranteed under all
circumstances. For this area it will mean pipelines being laid,
tapping into a canalised and covered River Ehen, even greater
quantities being extracted from the local lakes. (We note that NuGen
are suggesting they could tap into Sellafield's supply-line, which
would mean further vast drainage of Wastwater, recently voted the most
beautiful view in Great Britain.) Wherever it comes from or goes to
once used, the impact on the environment is not going to be good.
Such schemes may benefit those who live in towns and cities far away
who want electricity to waste, but, rest assured, Cumbria is not going
to be enhanced by any of these proposals.
NuGen documentation "does not include an assessment of the potential likely signifcant environmental effects of the Freshwater Water Supply". How convenient.
Ref.: Moorside Stage 2 Consultation Document. May, 2016, Item 5.9
We mention elsewhere the unsuitability of the transport network and
roads. There is considerable congestion at peak hours already,
even with only the Sellafield traffic. Nowadays, 40% of families
have second cars, so around another 9100 cars may be expected to add
themselves to the traffic jams. This is without construction
traffic and heavy loads.
|Off The Rails
have grandiose plans for railway "improvements", working with Network
Rail. Well, good luck to them on that venture. We have
been "working with Network Rail" for most of the last decade trying to
bring the Braystones level crossing up-to-date. Virtually
nothing of any consequence has changed, despite residents averting a
passenger train derailment observed by an inspector from the Office of
the Rail Regulator. Sadly, the latter individual didn't recall
hearing the train driver explain why he hadn't received the urgent
message from the Sellafield signaller: "We got a garbled message
over the radio, but couldn't understand it, so decided to continue on
to Sellafield to find out what the problem was. Radio signals
are always rubbish on this stretch". This, of course, meant that
to get to the signaller he would have passed over the very section that
was likely to cause the train to derail. On the FACTS page of
this site we have included a photograph of an accident caused by the
failure of a small girder bridge that had badly corroded. As a
result of the bridge's collapse a railway wagon and load - somewhere
around 70 tonnes - dropped off the embankment and completely demolished
two bungalows. By pure good chance they were both empty at the
time. A slightly different time would have resulted in several
Braystones Residents’ concerns include:
1) The antiquity of the signalling and train-control system. This is
160 years old and does not comply with modern safety standards. It puts
crossing users at risk and would be difficult to justify in the event
of an accident, especially when seen in the light of modern
technological advances. These advances include radar detection of the
presence of people, vehicles, and other obstructions. Such a modern
system would automatically inform all parties – users,
signallers, and train staff – of the status of the crossing, and
is available now.
2) Failure to provide lighting at the crossing after the passage of the
last scheduled train. Such a system would be automatic, cheap, and in
compliance with ORR safety literature.
3) The stability of the banking on the landward side of the track.
4) The integrity of the bridge to the north of Braystones. Not just
from the stream that washes its foundations, but the amount of water
that seeps through the block-work.
5) The physical requirements of the operation of the crossing gates and
the unreliability of the telephone communications system.
6) The state of the ballast due to poor drainage at Braystones station.
7) Failure to achieve any material safety changes at the crossing,
despite several years of lobbying by Braystones Beach residents,
individually and collectively.
8) A survey needs to be conducted to assess whether the angles of the
embankments is suitable for the level of stability required of them.
9) Assessments need to be conducted to assess the impact of the
corrosive salt atmosphere on an infra-structure now over 150 years old
and which has received scant attention in that time.
10) Network Rail should undertake a more positive rôle when it
comes to protecting its assets and ensuring the safety of residents and
plans do not resolve any of these. Even the onus for protecting
the proposed new nuclear site is on Network Rail. The idea being
that it will be Network Rail's responsibility to maintain the sea
defences in the event of storm damage. Only when Network Rail
give up will NuGen think about it.
Residents now have additional questions: how much extra traffic
are they supposed to endure; what mitigation can there be against
the noise and vibration of frequent heavy railway trains; will
the more frequent passage of trains mean that beach residents will have
to spend considerably longer each day awaiting permission to cross;
will there be trains during anti-social hours?
The Braystones level crossing has 65,312 vehicle crossings a year -
substantially more than the 23,180 suggested by a brief assessment by
Network Rail. (Figures from Network Rail. FOI reuest for Sellafield signaller's log.)
Between 5/1/10 and 3/4/15, there were 93 incidents at the
crossing. Increased traffic will surely mean increased
incidents. As we have said from the beginning, a single accident
involving a nuclear train will cost far more than bringing the line up
to current standards. We posed the question: if you were
building a line here today would you build it like this? There
was no answer.
Helping With Global Warming How?
consultation meeting at Braystones was held yesterday. A strange
mix-up of expert opinion we thought. Firstly, questioned about
the heat exchanger, one "expert" categorically stated that there would
be a 12° differential. We think this a bit strange, as there
seems to be no information on where the rest of the superheated water
is going to lose its heat. Moving on to a different "expert"
produced the opinion that the differential will be 2° to 3°.
The first expert was brought over to confirm his statement.
The second was adamant he was correct. We never did reach
an amicable resolution, so came away with no improved knowledge.
No ideas emerge as to how to resolve the matter, either. We
would have thought that the re-circulating coolant would need to
dissipate an awful lot more than even 12°.
Nevertheless, such a large area of the sea being heated by between
2° and 12° must surely bring environmental effects.
Oddly, no-one seems to know (or care!) quite what those effects will be.
NuGen have been quite evasive about the "marine off-loading facility".
Now, it appears, there is a good reason. There are going
to be two of them. One will be very large and intrusive to
facilitate deeper draught vessels at all states of the tide, while the
second one will be smaller and only of use at limited times. We
were assured that the larger one would be dismantled and taken away
after the building of the project at Moorside was completed. The
second one will become a permanent feature. Has anyone seen any
environmental impact assessment to determine the outcome and effects of
these resources? We certainly haven't. The larger harbour
was not on the plans presented at the consultation meeting, but, after
persisting, we were offered a version of the plan on a memory stick.
No explanation was forthcoming as to why the main harbour was
not on the demonstrated plans. Surely, if one constructs a large
barrier - whether for a harbour or as pipework for cooling water -
there will be an impact on the tidal flows and hence the deposition of
sands and silts? Will there be an impact on the holiday beaches
of Braystones and beyond, once the tidal flow has been stopped, or at
least diverted out to sea? What will happen to all the
radioactive toxins that are at present buried under those sands and
Please view the Radiation Free Lakeland (https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/) and Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment (http://corecumbria.co.uk/)
sites. The latter has an article about the quality and tardiness
of the process of obtaining generic design approval which concludes:
. . . at
the only four twin-reactor stations currently under construction, two
in the US and two in China, build-time for the AP1000 reactors is
taking over seven years – with criticism levelled at Westinghouse
as having ‘oversold the system, oversold the technology and promised more than they could really deliver’.
Despite this chronic overseas experience, NuGen and West
Cumbria’s nuclear-compliant media continue to peddle the myth
that, with a construction start in 2020, Moorside’s triple
reactors will all be producing electricity by 2026.
The site also points out that, despite Westinghouse's sales pitch
saying that the technology is "tried and tested", in fact these
reactors have not been built anywhere else in the world. That
could explain the problems obtaining Generic Design Approval. It
is a bit worrying to read that the matters that are of concern to the
Regulators relate not only to the major GDA components of the
reactor’s structural integrity and its mechanical engineering as
well as - and we especially like this, as it confirms our assessment of
NuGen's work - the Quality of Submissions. The
regulators’ concern is that, for some of the aspects there
remains significant technical and closure programme risks associated
with completion of the work. They go on to say that the
quality of submissions are significantly below expectations in terms of
scope and/or quality. According to the article on CORE's
site, in the regulators’ view, "a combination of these unresolved
issues and any inevitable GDA slippage caused by them, will affect
regulatory confidence in the subsequent site development programme."
Combined with the various other failures to achieve even basic
credibility, it might seem that legal challenges to the whole
enterprise could be successful - whether in the U.K., or in the E.U.
CORE also point out that the core sampling that is currently
being undertaken by the platform off Braystones will not be completed
before the end of the currrent consultation process, so how can people
digest and comment on the results? Yet another failure of their
consultation process and another opportunity for legal challenge, we
The CORE website also has news that, even before the build at Moorside
is schelued to begin, it will be at least two years late. The
former site, Radiation Free Lakeland, is so comprehensive and has
much information that it is a bit difficult to digest it all in one
Our favourite bits from that one include the 2014 letter from the Whitehaven News
about the Sellafield Mafia as they are known, which confirms our views
on the corrupting nature of the industry, and the role of the local and
national politicians: (https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/01/24/letter-from-sellafield-worker-exposes-nuclear-corruption/).
Although aimed at the dump consultation, the principles seem to
apply to nuclear development throughout the area.
followed by the way in which the hundreds of bore-holes currently being
drilled were approved after decidedly limited consultation with local
parishes and committees, except Copeland Council, who were too busy
debating the impact of a single wind turbine, apparently. The
ultimate decision was made by a single, delegated council officer.
over a year now residents affected by the proposed Moorside development
have been seeking information as to what the impact will be on their
homes. On the
6th April enquiries were made of the local MP, Jamieson
Reed, who is, of course, an ex-Sellafield employee and pro-nuclear.
As the properties are mainly on land with a leasehold from
Leconfield Estates, similar enquiries were made of them and their
solicitors. Only after a reminder did we receive information from the
latter two bodies, advising us that they knew nothing more than we did.
After a month, Reed's office eventually managed to send us an
e-mail saying that our enquiries had been passed to NuGen for their
attention and we would be contacted again when a reply was received.
The result being that, despite the passage of over two months,
nobody has supplied us with any information at all.
We Told You So
earlier articles (now consigned to the Archived Pages section - see top
of page) we have pointed out the vulnerability of nuclear sites to
terrorism and attacks by air - including the use of drones.
In an article in the Scottish Herald, 29/5/16, Rob Edwards reports on
two reports that say exactly the same thing. The reports suggest
that not only would the authorities struggle to deal with the aftermath
of an attack, but they are also failing to consider the potential
threats seriously. Yet, the article says, in October, 2015, a
worker was reportedly marched off the Hunterson nuclear site in North
Ayrshire after he was seen studying bomb-making websites on his laptop.
The report by Dr. David Lowry who is a senior research
fellow with the Institute for Resource and Security Studies in
Cambridge, USA, and a former director of the European Proliferation
Information Centre in London, points to “disturbing”
evidence that suspects linked to the Paris and Brussels terror attacks
in November, 2015, and February, 2016, had files on nuclear facilities,
and had been monitoring nuclear workers.
The second report was for the Nuclear Free Local Authorities (NFLA),
and was written by Dr Ian Fairlie, an independent radiation scientist,
and focuses on the stable iodine tablets that can prevent radiation
poisoning after some nuclear accidents.
Over-riding National Interest - or Just Over-riding Local Opposition?
With the invevitable assistance of politicians
and councillors, this picturesque (provided you don't look towards
Sellafield's ugly structures) part of Cumbria is the target of a
foreign consortium who wish to build a vastly expensive and risky
nuclear power station. Immediately adjacent to the existing
Sellafield site - literally just across the road - the project will
blight the Braystones and Beckermet areas.
Even the seas off Braystones and Nethertown are to be spoiled by the
installation of sub-marine radiators which will dissipate the heat
equivalent of 2,000,000 three-bar fires into the Irish Sea.
NuGen quite happily agree that they have no idea what the impact will
be on the marine and terrestial environments. Rest assured it
will not be a beneficial effect. However, even ignoring - if you
can - that aspect, the question must surely be how the dissipation of
such large amounts of heat into the environment can in any way reduce
global warming. Ah, sorry, as the planet is actually getting
colder, we now have to refer to it as climate change. The
disposal of waste is also still an unresolved problem. Let us
not forget that some of these chemicals will remain too radioactive to
handle for millions of years. Even the oft-quoted half-life
times fail to indicate the length of time before they become "safe", as
many will require several half-lives to pass before they can be deemed
to be non-injurious, even to the strange and misleading ethics of the
For reasons which patently have no regard to the practicalities or
financial viability of nuclear sites, but may have a lot to do with
shares and personal agrandisement, the whole national planning system
has been changed to enable politicians to dictate what will be built
where and remove the local residents' right to object. Let's
face it, the kind of money that is involved in building a nuclear power
station and its required resources - where the sums are listed in
£billions - must be hugely attractive for those of a less than
honest nature. Fortunately, as yet, they have not managed to
abandon the principles of the Human Rights Act, so there are obviously
grounds there for legal challenge. Can it be just a matter of
time before the rumblings about doing away with such piffling trifles as public opinion
come to fruition and the state takes on Orwellian control?
are now coming to the end of their mandatory consultation period over
their proposals to build three Westinghouse reactors at the "Moorside"
site. The site extends from Sellafield to the
perimeter of Beckermet. It is obviously debatable quite how
sensible is this proposal to gamble on never having an accident which will
affect Sellafield and its great stocks of radioactive materials.
Last July we added our comments to NuGen's consultation process.
Hopefully it is a comprehensive document. It can be found here:
NuGen Consultation Response. As the changes will bring about increased traffic along the old Furness
railway line, the problems involving use of the level crossing at
Braystones station are incorporated in our consultation response as additional material by means of
With the collusion of various politicians - local and national - and peers, it seems the
entire west coast of Cumbria is about to succumb to nuclear
development, regardless of logic, financial sense, geology, or practicality.
There are many points which we would like answers to - including those
in our consultation document. One additional question would be :
Also to be considered are
the long-term need for appropriate distances between hazardous
establishments, the population, or environmentally sensitive areas, and
whether additional measures for existing establishments are required so
that risks to people in the area are not increased. Should a
major incident occur at either Sellafield (which does have a certain
history) there must inevitably be a risk of a domino-like impact on the
projected plant, and vice versa. Of course it has been deemed
utterly impossible for both plants to suffer incidents simultaneously.
Leastways until it happens.
The National Grid suggest that it is far too expensive to bury cables,
and that 150' high pylons are the only answer to get the power to
London and elsewhere. Yes, we can choose a design, and yes, they
do allow a choice of route from three possibles, but burial of the cables is not
an option. Yet the organisation have just tabled yearly results:
pre-tax profit rose 15% from the same period in 2015 to
£3.03bn. Adjusted earnings per share were up 10% to 63.5p,
while adjusted operating profit increased 6% to £4.1bn and the
company recommended a full year dividend of 43.34p compared with 42.87p
the previous year. (Ref.: Common to most newspapers and
news programmes.) Is the pursuit of profit more important than
the preservation of the environment and local amenity? How much
extra would burial of the cables cost when expressed in pence per
kilowatt/hour over the lifetime of the programme? (We have
already pointed out that the only reason for the additional pylons
striding across the landscape is the proposal to build Moorside.
Do away with that and the landscape can be preserved without any
How does the planned project fit with Town and Country Planning
Regulations 2012. The requirement (under Part 4, 10-1(c)(i
&ii) is that when preparing their Local Plans, local planning
authorities need to have regard to the prevention of major accidents
and limiting their consequences.
One of the main planks of the argument for developing nuclear power has
been "preventing the lights from going out". Several years ago,
at the time of the RWE application to build at Braystones, we reported
the statement by the head of the National Grid, that there was no
likelihood of the lights going out. That statement was ignored,
in typical "scare the public into submission" style that governments
and politicians so like, Unfortunately, perhaps by accident, the
current incumbent of the Energy Minister post, Andea Leadsom, told a
committee of MPs on 24/5/16 that there was no possibility of the lights
going out. (How many Energy MInister have we had in the last five years?)
Sadly DECC figures point to the fact that in actual fact, despite
assertions by those who should know better (and in all honesty probably
do!) that energy demand is rising, it fell again last year by 2%.
This means that overall the demand for electricity nationally
has been falling for over a decade at more than 1% p.a.
The other main point, stemming from a meeting related in the book "Inside Sellafield", has been the impact of CO2
on the environment. The management of Sellafield decided that
they would promote the idea of a link between global warming and
emissions of CO2. Well, the strategy worked. Yet few seem to ask whether the rise in CO2 levels causes a rise in temperature, or whether, in fact, the rise in temperature causes increased CO2 in the atmosphere. Which is the horse and which is the cart? It is noteworthy that most of the CO2
producing processes utilised to produce nuclear fuel, manufacture the
components for the specialised build demanded by nuclear plant and
ancilliary equipment, transport of materials, manufacture of
specialised steel, etc. are all ignored. DECC specifically
dismiss anything which occurs outside the U.K.
We have always asked whether CO2 emissions are worse than plutonium,
polonium, caesium, americium and all the other products of a nuclear
reactor which always seem to have problems not leaking into the
environment for some reason. Of course, the mantra is now well
established: no animals are hurt, the leak was contained before
any damage was done, and there was never any danger. The head of
the U.K. nuclear industry, in a propaganda sheet entitled Britain's
Energy Coast, tried to tell the world that there was no melt-down at
Fukushima, when all three cores had melted. A complaint to the
Press Complaints Council was upheld and a retraction had to be
published. The gentleman tried to pretend that he hadn't known
there had been a melt-down. They knew enough to work with Électricité
France secretly in order to sychronise a cover-up and limit press and
television coverage, aided by the I.A.E.A. - until they got caught out
by the press. Most people think the I.A.E.A. is an independent
and honest body. However, its aims are plainly stated on its
website: To work with its member states and multiple partners
worldwide to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.
|31/5/16 edited 1/6/16
Deal Us Out
The Times, 31/5/16, carries an article on how
ministers in charge of the £18 billion project at Hinkley -
deemed by rational people to be a rather large white elephant - refuse
to say whether the deal is good for taxpayers.
David Lowry's request on behalf of the
Institute for Resource and Security Studies under Freedom of
Information rules, was turned down as it would "adversely affect
international relations, defence, national security or public safety"
Not to mention the price of beans. Sadly, even the
Information Commissioner backed DECC' s decision apparently. It
does rather seem that there may be something to hide by DECC in terms
of whether Hinkley is good value for money. Actually, we think
it is not. Any more than the "Moorside" one is. Are there
similar terms and conditions, government subsidies and underwriting
available to NuGen, too? Or aren't we allowed to know that,
The organisation "Stop Hinkley" have just sent their newsletter, in that has a report which further illuminates the FOI request:
government said that anyone building new reactors in Britain must
manage and pay for the cost of handling waste products, unlike the
existing situation where all radioactive materials are effectively
dealt with through the public purse via the Nuclear Decommissioning
Authority. However, although the operator must agree to take
responsibility for the spent fuel and other radioactive waste, the cost
is expected to be passed on to the domestic electricity user through
Ref.: http://stophinkley.org/StopPress.htm (Newsletter for June, 2016.)
"Under the new
arrangements, the prospective nuclear operators must enter into a waste
transfer contract (WTC). Those contracts, like the one covering
Hinkley, must be submitted for scrutiny by the EC under its state aid
rules. It is the pricing methodology of the WTC that Lowry
wished to review and which remains under wraps.
"John Sauven, the
executive director of Greenpeace, said, “The government has
repeatedly said that Hinkley is great news for the British public and
our energy security. But they refuse to back this up with hard
evidence. In fact, DECC is incredibly cagey and is failing to answer
questions on where the dangerous radioactive waste will go or how much
Hinkley will cost us.""
On Railway Lines
the above newsletter from Stop Hinkley, we were puzzled by the future
event where they joined up with stopnucleartrains.org. An
organisation of which we were previously unaware. However, a
quick look at their ideals has produced the following (their numbering,
we have omitted those less relevant):
The remaining nuclear power stations (PWR pressurised water
reactors and AGR) should be shut down as they are a continuing source
of radioactive pollution and waste, damage to health, and risks of
accidents and terrorism. [The Westinghouse AP1000 design for
Moorside is a Pressurised Water Reactor - or PWR]
8. Nuclear accidents require specialist treatment, so emergency
services personnel need specific technical training to deal with such
accidents as quickly and effectively as possible.
As part of the concerns about the level crossing at Braystones - with
nuclear trains in both directions sometimes several times a day - we
have pointed out that the cost of just one incident involving a nuclear
flask train would probably exceed the cost of doing the right thing and
making the line safe.
Private Eye's Old Sparky did include some of the problems of the
line in an article last year entitled "Coastal Fission" (transcript here).
While not 100% accurate, it does give a good idea of the parlous
state of the line. The new project apparently intends to
continue using this line, even running spurs of it to service the site.
stopnucleartrains organisation points out that the nuclear flasks are
designed to sustain a drop of 9 metres (29'), which must surely be
somewhere near the drop off the Cumbrian coastal line. Major risk
areas include level crossings - where have we heard that before?
Braystones residents have been pushing for years to get better safety
on the line.
More Reliable Than Wind?
article on the Herald Scotland website on 14th
environment correspondent Rob Edwards reports an analysis by nuclear
consultant Pete Roche for 50 NFLA (nuclear-free local authorities) which
reveals that the UK’s 15 reactors have had 62 unplanned shutdowns
the last three years, involving electrical, boiler and valve defects,
fires, storms, vibrations and the discovery of tiny cracks. When
coupled with the hundreds of lucky escapes that nuclear sites,
especially Sellafield, have had, we would undoubtedly be better off
with the wind.
The one-time manager at Sellafield, Harold Bolter, wrote a book
entitled, "Inside Sellafield". We have made a habit of pointing
out the section in this book - which presumably is a true account of
events from the time - that refers to the methods proposed in order to
counter the bad publicity the nuclear industry was (deservedly)
getting. In particular the pushing of the role of CO2
alleged global warming. (Subsequently changed to climate
was also decided that it was necessary to "capture the minds, if not
hearts, of younger children". Obviously with the aim of
inculcating them in the pro-nuclear doctrine. (Something similar
used to be referred to as brain-washing.)
There can be little
the aims of that meeting are now coming to fruition. One local
school, the West Lakes Academy in Egremont - about four miles from
Sellafield - has the information that, "We
are sponsored by two of the most important energy organisations in the
UK and two of Cumbrias largest employers; The Nuclear
Decommissioning Authority and Sellafield Ltd. They provide
invaluable resources and industry support to our specialism in Science." How about that for capturing the minds if not the hearts of youngsters?
Try finding a copy of "Inside Sellafield".
You will see that this
paper-back book, new price around £11, is now available
second-hand at prices from £32. In America someone is
asking £240 for a copy. Mind you, that does include
postage. Why? Why the scarcity and why the high prices?
Who has bought them all? Even a copy ordered three weeks
ago from the local library has failed to appear. Conspiracy
More Whiter Than White Politicians
Back in 2014, the brother-in-law of financial services minister Andrea
Leadsom was reported to have donated £816,000 to the Conservative
party since she first successfully ran for parliament at the last
The banker, who lives in Guernsey and is married to Leadsom's sister,
Hayley, also made a further £1m of donations to a party-backed
campaign and a rightwing thinktank. Leadsom herself said that
she was unaware of the donations made by a member of her own family,
but a Labour MP asked whether the payments in effect amounted to a
"cash for political office" arrangement.
Amazing that such large sums are so mundane as to be unworthy of comment, even in a family environment.
Leadsom is now Energy Minister.
Last year, that august journal, Private Eye, noted that there may be a
potential conflict of interest for Amber Rudd, the Secretary of State
for Energy and Climate Change. She will be making the decisions
about Hinkley Point C, while her brother is head of a company,
Finsbury, that has a £100 million contract to help build it.
Although questions were submitted no answer was forthcoming,
None of this comes as any surprise, of course. From the engagement of Électricité de
staff as "advisors" through to the various relations of MPs and even the Prime Minister, we have had
it all. At least two politicians involved have been sent to jail
for dishonesty. See
our 2015 article below, "Masters of Integrity". Are we alone in
thinking that anyone privy to inside information has a decided
advantage in commercial terms and when they are also allowed to
influence decisions, too, surely that is a form of corruption?
Is an Électricité de
staff member going to fail to pass on information to his empoyer, and
will the employer be able to resist the temptation to direct advice
which is ultimately to the benefit of that company?
All politicians seem to be happy to follow the
official designation of "clean" when referring to nuclear generation.
One has to wonder how they can use this adjective when the
source and wastes are so far from clean. Sellafield has always,
and continues to pollute the Irish Sea and beyond. To any
rational person (i.e. not a politician) the U.K. nuclear industry
contravenes the spirit, if not the letter, of the various agreements to
stop dumping toxic materials at sea. By the time the agreement
came into force in 1998, the U.K. had dumped an unknown number of
containers, totalling 74,052 tons at 15 sites in the north Atlantic,
and at 18 sites off coast of British isles more than 9.4 TBq
The total amount dumped amounted to over 35,000 TBq - over 41% of the
world-wide dumping. It is only a matter of time . . .
Weeding Out the Truth
his book, "The Road to Little Dribbling", (ISBN 978-0-857-52234-4),
writer Bill Bryson comments on the Hanford facility in Washington
state. He notes that the facility released millions of litres of
liquid waste containing strontium, plutonium, caesium, and sixty three
other dangerously toxic substances into the groundwater of the Columbia
River basin. Sometimes, he says, the releases were careless and
accidental, but more often they were intentional. He goes on,
"The Hanford engineers did this and then shamelessly insisted the water
was wholesome and clean, and cited tests on salmon as an example of how
safe it was, arguing that a person would have to eat a hundred pounds
of salmon at a sitting to ingest enough radiation just to reach
detectable levels. What they knew, but didn't say was that
salmon don't eat when they are in the Columbia River." He points
out that the fish are returning to spawn, and don't eat when they are
this sort of behaviour seem familiar? Has anything changed
within the nuclear industry to win our faith in their openness and
honesty. Hardly. Happily for our lot, the marine
discharges were into the Irish Sea, and thus had more room to spread
out, making it more difficult to discern where it had disappeared to -
even if the scientists had any interest in finding it. Nowadays,
with modern methods, Sellafield's wastes can be detected in most of the
waters from Nova Scotia to Sweden. Even worse is that the site
continues to dump radioactive materials, despite agreements, such as
the London Agreement of 1972, which prevent dumping at sea. The
pipeline out from Sellafield continues to pump radioactive materials
into the sea. The agreement didn't mention pipelines.
Bryson points out that by the late 1980s, Sellafield had exposed the
whole of Europe to more radiation than the combined levels of exposure
from . . . all other nuclear sites, weapons testing, the Chernobyl
incident, and packaged solid wastes." Given that the greatest
concentration is likely to be close to the point of origin, does it
really make sense to be disturbing the soils and Irish Sea sediments to
build another of these dangerous scientific dreams?
while back we asked the Environment Agency why there was no longer any
of the seaweeds that we remembered as kids on the rocks along the beach
from Sellafield to Nethertown. In particular the porphyria
variety, which used to be collected by two ladies who lived on the
beach at Braystones. Several times a week the sacks of the
seaweed were despatched by train to Wales to be made into laver bread.
Then the bakers discovered that Cumbrian seaweed was radioactive
and contained sufficiently high levels of Sellafield's pollutants to
make it unsafe to eat. Unsurprisingly the practise ceased.
The official version, however, is that the ladies who collected
it "became too old to continue".
We especially like Bryson's comment, "I am no expert, but it does seem
on the face of it that human beings are not quite grown-up enough yet
to be trusted with nuclear fuels." In a Freudian slip, we almost
wrote nuclear fools.
|5/3/15 edited 28/5/16
Value For Money? Who Cares?
Times and the BBC News both carry the story of the cost of
decommissioning and cleaning up Sellafield, which has increased by
£5bn to £53bn, according to the National Audit Office.*
The price determined by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority,
in June, 2014, had risen again to £79.1 billion.
to the BBC, Margaret Hodge MP, chair of the Public Accounts Committee
(PAC) which commissioned the report, said the cost hike was
"astonishing." Quite why she is so surprised is in itself
surprising. As an astute woman, one might have thought she would
have seen the process for what it is. A large number of
companies are enjoying healthy profits for doing a poor job, and why
shouldn't they prolong it as long as they can get away with it?
is typical with nuclear promises, the forecasts are obviously made by
people with rose-tinted spectacles on. Whether they are talking
about how safe things are, how nobody ever got killed by nuclear power,
how much waste will be produced, how many people will benefit from it,
or how much it will cost to clean up, or how efficient they are at
doing their job, everything carries the hallmarks of excellent
than a year ago, the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, the people who
decide who gets the lucrative contracts, assured us that the cost would
be a mere £48bn and would be completed on schedule. Fat
The Select committee's report has noted that the work is also behind schedule
a further token of their incompetence, the NDA awarded Nuclear
Management Partners a £9 billion contract to clean the site up
but, it seems, they forgot to provide a get-out clause, so the
cancellation of the contract will cost ratepayers just under half a
million pounds. Rewards for failure anyone? Value for
money? Mrs. Hodge's committee recommended cancellation of the
contract a year ago, but the NDA knew best.
answers will be forthcoming when the Nuclear Decommissioning
Authority, the Department of Energy and Climate Change, NMP, and
Sellafield Ltd. appear before the Committee on 11 March.
Even the (usually supportive) union has deserted NMP management. According to the BBC report, Chris
Jukes, regional officer of the GMB union, said: "GMB has been
absolutely clear all along that the NMP model did not work at
value for money, poor top NMP management and a lack of grip on key
issues in an essential area for the UK energy sector, as well as the UK
economy, have led to unbelievable decisions on expenditure."
Yet it has taken six years to get to this understanding!
National Audit Office reckons the total cost of cleaning up the UK's 17
nuclear sites is "around £70bn" (It had risen to £79 billion by June, 2014.) Surely this begs the
question of the true price of nuclear energy. The EdF deal which
will surely be an albatross fo the U.K. for a very long period, is
already going to increase the cost of electricity and that fails to
take into account insurance and decommissioning costs, both of which
will be provided by the taxpayer.
The Times points out that the “lifetime cost” of cleaning
up Sellafield by the authority’s deadline of 2120 has more than
doubled (actually, tripled!) in five years, from £25 billion in 2010. The NAO said
that the authority had attributed the higher costs to “a better
understanding of the scale and nature of the risks and challenges on
the site”. Is that a confession that they don't know what
they were doing? On the Sellafield News page there is nothing at
all about the Audit Office's views, so, good impartial honesty, then.
No doubt many of the strangely dedicated-to-nuclear peers will
come up with propaganda about why nuclear is so difficult, but so very
two more politicians have been accused of offering to influence
democratic processes for private personal gain. Both are
experienced ex-ministers and, despite being accused by the media of
having offered to "ask questions", or are reported to have
insinuated that they are willing to use their contacts for the benefit
of a private company and their own personal gain; they say they
done nothing illegal. That is as may be, but isn't this a
corruption of the democratic process and thus, at the very least,
immoral? Are we expected to put up with these standards, or are
we entitled to expect more? Aren't MPs
to be making decisions which ensure the best outcome for everyone, not
merely pursuing the ambitions of some private paymaster?
Even if an examination of
the facts fail to prove a breach of the legislation or, on a
lower scale, some self-imposed political protocols - such as the
Parliamentary Standards Committee (whose membership is comprised of:
5 Conservatives, 4 Labour, 1 Lib Dem, and 3 lay members) is
alright to say nothing is wrong?
is a sliding scale of influence that can be bought?
The more a company can invest by obtaining an MP's interest (usually by
inviting them to become a consultant) the more they can hope to
manipulate important and far-reaching decision-making.
Presumably, too, the higher the rank of the poliltician the more they
can charge for their consultancy services and the more the process of
democracy will become distorted. No wonder so many of the
ex-politicians are awarded board memberships of the big companies when they leave office!
Rewards for past performance?
over again the same faces appear, supporting some strange and
irrational policies for no apparent reason. Interestingly, just
as did certain DECC officials, the
lords and ladies of the land have a great interest in the future of
nuclear: both its expansion and its waste disposal.
many of them have connections (current or anticipated in the future) in
the industry or
its civil or nuclear engineering works? With peers of the
failing to see the obvious drawbacks in becoming dependent on and
beholden to foreign companies for finance and technological
development, or to accept that even legal conduct can be
immoral, what price the honours system that made them lords and ladies?
Perhaps it was always this way and it is just modern
that permits Joe Public to see the facts.
February, 2015, a debate is to be held in the Moses Room in the
Houses of Parliament. Hosted by the staunchly pro-nuclear
Baroness Verma, the idea is to get the nuclear dump listed as a
Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project. This will
it to be elevated to a development which requires no local input.
Local councils will be unable to control the development and
public will just be told what is going to be put in their locality.
The colour of the factory gates won't even be up for debate.
The Hansard record of the debate can be found here:
Even non-political people might recall David Cameron's talk
"localism". Such an important concept that they had to make
new word for the dictionary! Others may recall being told
if any one of the triumvirate ruled against the dump being built in
Cumbria then the whole matter would be shelved. Naturally,
promise was made on the basis that a) the locals were so stupid as to
agree, and b) that sufficient of the local representatives and press
articles had paved the way for the people at a). Even
County Council's refusal was not on the most obvious matters of
pollution and inadequate infra-structure, but nonetheless they did
refuse. That was officially the end of the proposal for
except that no other council was willing to contemplate placing the
risks in their own backyard. So the voice of democracy is only
to be heard when it suits those in positions of power; some of
whom's morals are demonstrably lacking. Time for change as MP
Zac Goldsmith and the Speaker John Bercow have both said.
So, one has
to ask, what are the reasons behind this unflinching push
for nuclear? How many of the regulars are set for rewards,
whether direct or indirect? The daily rates for
with influential MPs seems to be around £5,000 to £10,000 per
day, and even
one comparatively small furniture company seems to see this as a
worthwhile expenditure. One has to wonder what might be on
from the likes of the nuclear industry which sees
many billions of
public money spent each year.
years ago, Électricité de
managed to get DECC officials to agree an exorbitant figure for nuclear
power generation, let alone providing just about everything the company
might need to obviate risk to itself. The figure was over
the then current rate of other forms of generation, and was guaranteed
for 50 years, index-linked, naturally. In recent times the
of energy production has fallen considerably. Has this
anything? Nope, the good old British public will be required
pay through the nose for nuclear generated power regardless of its
viability - commercial or environmental.
|24/2/15, edited 28/5/16
advent of new technology brings both rewards and threats.
the latest fads is the use of drones - akin to miniature flying
bedsteads, and usually having a rotor at each of its corners.
Hobby drones range in price from around £30 (including
over £10,000, they are capable of spying on "sensitive"sites.
In France they have been spotted in ever-increasing numbers
government and nuclear establishments. Attempts to catch the
operators of these devices have failed. Given their size and
portability that is hardly surprising. Even the heaviest of
only weighs about 5 kg (10lbs); they can be controlled from
around 2kms away; may carry either still or video cameras,
use 14 channels to communicate with the controller. The task
finding operators thus becomes almost impossible.
is against the law to fly any machine within half a kilometre of any
nuclear site at a height of less than 1 km. So, catch me if
can, seems to be the idea. What does it mean that people are
willing to play chicken with the authorities? As a bit of a
lark, or prank, not much. As a means for a terrorist to
up-to-the-minute detailed plans and photographs of a nuclear
establishment, very sinister and extremely potentially very serious.
Taking photographs is not going to harm anyone, agreed, but
if the material gathered is given to those who do not have the nation's
interests at heart? How long before a drone is developed
can carry a more malicious payload?
Since we wrote the above, over a year ago, the hobby drone has really
caught on. Along with laser pens, the price of the equipment has
reduced considerably, so that the most recent fully equipped one, is
now under £350. Laser pens can be bought or fashioned from the
components of domestic audio equipment. Even at considerable
distances these lasers can blind. There is an obvious scenario
which involves security at nuclear sites.
Another Campaign Website
or anti-nuclear, but nonetheless wish to protest against the
despoilation of the beautiful countryside and further proliferation of
the ugly nuclear sites, you will find this website of considerable
propaganda suggests that there will be tremendous economic and social
benefits to Copeland and Allerdale districts of Cumbria if the dump
were to get the go-ahead. Yet even the ex-Sellafield PR
and MP for Copeland, Jamieson Reed, a major supporter of the nuclear
industry, was quoted in The Times, 4/11/13, pointing out that "health
services around Sellafield are suffering major cuts, local
and police stations are closing and major civic amenities are closing
down". Not much obvious in the way of
despite the passage of half a century, as people have tolerated the
dirtiest and most polluting industry around. Will any
of future largesse - sorry, compensation - be better honoured?
Unlikely, we think. Once they have achieved their objective
rest will become just rhetoric. Just as interesting will be
far the tame geologists will go before acknowledging that the terrain
is in fact unsuitable. How much money will that take?
will they press on regardless, with large construction companies
insisting that they can "engineer a solution" with their main goal
being to line their own pockets with the prolonged profits that the
government, once committed to this course of action, will be obliged to
maintain despite the inevitable burgeoning costs and delays - or risk
losing face. Still, many of those decision-makers will have
the foresight to invest in the construction industry.
In the best traditions, being against the nuclear dump has provoked the
plan's protagonists into ire, not least the local ex-Sellafield PR man,
now (happily for Sellafield) the local MP, who has published statements
about the trust's ambitions and questioned their motives.
Pretty standard stuff, really, but is this really what an MP should be
doing - or is he supposed to be representing the views of all
constituents rather than pushing for one small group? Still,
didn't even have a Plan B for when things went awry with the multiple
nuclear reactors proposed a short while ago.
not have been part of his brief if he truly had the interests
the region at heart?
|7/11/13 further edited
Damned Lies and
Five years ago the politicians announced several criteria that would
have to be met before any consideration could be given to nuclear
Liberal Democrats, as many did back then, there would be no nuclear
development except over the dead body of one prominent member, who
reiterated that stipulation at a meeting we attended in
Westminster. That was a stated policy which must
them many thousands of extra votes, but a promise that went the way of
so many others when that particular party ostensibly became eligible
for a bit of a say in national affairs.
announcement of an unpopular, subsidised development at Hinkley Point
by Électricité de
France using 50 year-old designs and financed by China, illustrates how
well the criteria have been met.
plan or location approved for the disposal of nuclear
waste. Residents of the unique location in Cumbria
voiced their disapproval many times. This time round the
government consultation exercise is prefaced with the usual rhetoric
about local opinions. What in fact they have done, is to
the county council from the equation - their objections to the
proposals resulting in a no vote last time - meaning that all efforts
to cajole residents can now be concentrated on just two areas:
Allerdale and Copeland. One can imagine that if
exercise should fail the only people with any input will be the
residents of Copeland, where most of the population are engaged in the
industry and its suppliers. If that fails, and opposition
seem to be mounting quite quickly according to letters in the local
press, then the government will have to whittle down the eligible to
those based around, say, Sellafield canteen. Or perhaps
just the local MP and his cohorts? That way success is
- a method
for the disposal of nuclear waste - legacy and new to be in place
before further expansion could be undertaken;
would have to
be generically approved and safe in operation;
would have to be met;
- approval of
residents obtained before any project was permitted to start.
- all three
groups involved in the "Partnership" - Cumbria CC, Allerdale and
Copeland - must all agree. A negative result from ony one
mean the end of the pruject.
The scope of the consultation can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/239237/Consultation_Review_of_the_siting_process_for_a_GDF_FINAL.pdf
. Please feel free to appreciate the wonderful new jargon,
"The Learning Phase", "The Focusing Phase", along with old favourites
like representative authority. Whatever happened to good old
English language? Somewhat amusingly, one of the final
calls for a positive demonstration of local support. Given
the area being focused on is Sellafield, then it would be very
surprising if NMP and all the other greedy companies could resist the
temptation to fund huge demonstrations with its staff. What
chance the small guy against such odds? Like lobbying MPs,
people with the money have the most access and influence. A
critique can be found here: http://www.no2nuclearpower.org.uk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/ANDREW_BLOWERS_GDF_Siting_Consultation_Sept._2013.pdf
The DECC document goes on, in the best manner of a government
department with a set objective - but very remiscent of a wide-boy car
salesman, "Beyond this
would, of course, remain subject to statutory planning and regulatory
regimes, and their accompanying public and stakeholder engagement and
consultation requirements." Yeah, right, that's
government have removed most of the rights to object to such major
proposals. What kind of say will residents have when
have given the go-ahead? Precious little we think.
be worthwhile at this point to indicate that the proposed Nuisance Bill
currently making its way through parliament will put an end to any form
of protest which causes a nuisance. Hmm. Not, of
that politicians would ever want to stifle criticism or protests . . .
Naturally, none of the cost burden for waste disposal will fall on
those who wish to profit from nuclear development. It will
be paid for by the U.K. taxpayer, ultimately for the benefit of private
companies - most of whom have little interest in what would be best for
would be very
interesting to learn how many MPs, their families and peers of the
realm - especially those involved in the decision-making - stand to
gain from nuclear development. Some of them seem to
very close links indeed.
"New Nuclear - The Economics Say No", dated 9/11/09, was clear in the
fact that nuclear was too expensive compared to alternative generation
methods. It is interesting, therefore to study the
which the six major companies have manouevred to bring their prices in
line with the promised subsidy which will be enjoyed by Électricité de
France when/if the Hinkley Point reactor is
Much grumbling by the politicians indicates either stupidity or, more
likely, cunning. It must have been apparent to all
prices being demanded by Electricite de France would become the base
line for all of them. In the same way that the 30
speed limit becomes the minimum as well as the maximum speed in a
posturing by Mr.
E. Miliband about Labour fixing prices until 2017. He seems
deliberately overlook the fact that the main price rises that will
ensue once Hinkley is in operation will certainly not have come into
play by 2017.
pushing the global warming mantra and reiterating stories about the
lights going out. Whatever one believes about the
the U.K.'s contribution, when compared to the likes of China and
America, is minimal and any reduction even more so.
should certainly be no need to stampede into an even more dangerous
energy policy. With regard to both matters, if a
and financially viable energy policy is developed and acted on then a
reduction in CO2 and a secure continuing energy
programme will result. Sadly, that idea is not
line MP's pockets.
politicians have once again waved fingers at the public in their
efforts to secure benefits for themselves. So many
criteria have now been disposed of, it is now only a matter of time
before the matter of a nuclear dump is resolved by ignoring the
"localism" which has rejected it. It is, after all,
matter of whittling down the number of consultees to just those who
work for Sellafield and those who expect to gain as a result of a
positive vote. After all it would be a shame to
ground-work put in by those MPs who manipulated the parliamentary
system (a gross abuse of parliamentary process - Michael Martin,
Speaker) to ensure that insurance for nuclear incidents remains with
the taxpayer, thereby making nuclear slightly more viable.
capability, no energy security, most equipment manufactured abroad, no
secure source of raw materials, no local approval, 50 year-old designs
that have never been completed on time or on budget, and
index-linked subsidies to foreign companies. Sounds
One of the
planks of the "Localism" touted by Cameron and his ilk is that there
will be adequate rewards for any community agreeing to host the nuclear
dump. An example of just how rewarding Cumbria's
involvement with nuclear has been is quoted in The Times of 4th
November, in a statement from the pro-nuclear at any cost MP, Jamieson
Reed: ". .
around Sellafield are suffering major
cuts, local courts and police stations are closing and major
civic amenities are closing down." The
viewpoint might be that such deprivations are vital and are being
deliberately introduced in order to indicate to the local residents
just how vital the nuclear industry is - whether they like it or not.
At the very
meeting we attended, in Whitehaven, five years ago, we objected to the
many posters around the room as they indicated that many of the
improvement to social and health amenities and services were dependent
on residents approving the nuclear developments which would have a
devastating effect on the beautiful countryside of
Copeland. We were concerned, too, that the majority
those pushing so hard for the development had links to Sellafield,
either in the way of past employment, or because they were in some way
beholden to the industry.
solely to service the needs of Sellafield and the nuclear industry
- mainly cleaning up pollution caused by Sellafield.
Although the contrary illusion is maintained, Sellafield does
make a profit and thus has no spending power other than that provided
by the tax-payer. It is now just a £1½
year drain on the public purse. As it does not earn any
the largesse spread (albeit very thinly) around the communities in
Cumbria stems purely from central government. Stories that
Sellafield are to fund such and such a project are thus totally
illusory - they are in fact just spending tax-payer's money whilst
skimming off substantial payments for the companies and individuals
involved. Any other project could be funded in this way
the corruption and pollution of the nuclear industry and the local
community would be a lot better off.
Generation of electricity for the National Grid ceased more than ten
years ago. Since then the site has been a considerable
of electricity and gas, the latter via the 168 MWatt Fellside
gas-powered power station.
Although considerable quantities of radioactive materials have been
discharged by Sellafield, as part of a deliberate policy or by
carelessness or accident, the quantities being recovered from the
beaches is negligible in comparison.
A recent BBC programme gave further food for thought One of
most illustrative sentences being "Whatever you do, do not put anything
on the ground."
Read the article here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-24206028
The much vaunted "clean up" and the alternative, but not quite so
graphic "decommissioning", of Sellafield does not mean the safe and
complete disposal of nuclear materials. It merely means the
re-packaging (at best) of the contaminated material to a different
location within the site. There is currently no way of
up radioactive material in the sense that it is rendered completely
free of radiation and thus safe. Some of the materials
contaminated to a somewhat lesser degree are dumped at the Drigg site,
where, apparently due to an oversight, illegally dumped higher-level
contaminated materials were found by Greenpeace. Other
is sent to landfill sites with no independent check on what it is that
is being dumped. Historically, of coure, Sellafield
have a reputation for being open and honest. (Ahem.)
recently, equipment designed to check the levels of materials due to be
dumped was found not to have been calibrated and was, naturally,
indicating that everything that passed through it was safe to dispose
of in a normal landfill site. How much radioactive material
ended up being dumped in this manner is open to conjecture.
Other materials are handled by Studsvik in Workington. The
President of that company left rapidly around the time that a
discrepancy of £1million was found in the accounts.
a highly complex document issued by the governement - interestingly
just before their long summer holiday break, the subsidies available to
electricity generating companies amounts to six times the current price
believing in the security myth of nuclear power."
thought of Tepco's name is
Tepco's Chairman, Kazuhiko Shimokobe, after figures reveal that 70.5%
of Japanese want to see an end to nuclear power.
just hard to justify nuclear. It's really a gas and
world today, at some point economics must rule.”
General Electric's Chief Executive Officer, Jeff Immelt.
is one of the
world’s major power-generation engineering companies.
Together with Japan’s Hitachi, the company designs
nuclear reactors and is currently seeking generic design
approval for their reactor.)
Told You So
begining we have said that we believed the whole nuclear consultation
process was a sham. We have previously raised the question
how the Copeland M.P. could possibly have known so far in advance that
only Sellafield/Moorside would be developed, with Braystones and Kisrksanton
falling by the wayside, if the process of consulting people were
genuine. That those in Whitehall have become to cosy and
to the industry representatives is now revealed, as today the Guardian
and the Times both have articles relating to the collusion between H.M.
government and the nuclear industry.
content of e-mails obtained, there is an obvious attempt by civil
servants to minimise the impact of Fukushima on the proposed (but
obviously, as we have always said, already-determined) nuclear
expansion in the U.K. The material, which can be read here:
demonstrates quite clearly that, without even waiting for the full
scale of the Japanese disaster to be revealed, the official view is
that there is a need for the information to be kept pro-nuclear and
that the plans for the U.K. have to be kept within the established
timetable. Even the explosions at Fukushima, which
released radioactive material from the melted-down cores into the
atmosphere, were to be promoted as safety devices!
we are assured that we are nowhere near fault lines and need have no
worries about tsunamis. Yet the 2000 incidents which have
admitted by the industry over the last seven years, but which
fortunately did not escalate to full-blown catastrophe clearly
demonstrate that human failings are just as important.
presented as an abnormal event, the two reactors at Torness in
Scotland, owned by Électricité de France, had to
jellyfish blocked the cooling water intakes. This happened
29/6/11. [With so many reactors planned to pour their hot
into the country's coastal waters, the ecological factors may yet
become as vital as the geological ones. Japan, amongst other
countries has already experienced the phenomenum.] [Another
problem - that of recirculating radioactive material
into the Irish Sea by Sellafield - we included in our objections to the
it the rôle
of a civil servant to distort the democratic process?
the rôle of a civil servant to pass information to the
it the rôle
of a civil servant to promote
the hiding of relevant information from the public who have a right to
it the rôle
of a civil servant to promote nuclear
power regardless of demontrated dangers?
whose behalf was
civil servant sending the e-mails?
was the civil
stating what the industry's response will be in order to promulgate
misleading information on a co-ordinated front?
government and civil servants' reward for this publicity service?
benefits will be
forthcoming to those involved?
this just another example of what we see as the corrupting influence of
the nuclear industry?
is it necessary
for civil servants to be anonymous? Surely,
like us, they should have their heads on the chopping block.
intimated our opinion elsewhere that the initial office-based (!)
review of safety by Dr. Weightman had only one possible conclusion.
This premise is revealed in one of the e-mails (quote below)
between Whitehall and one of the developers.
Hopefully, those with the resources will attempt to obtain a judicial
review of the whole process - with civil servants and ministers being
interrogated and prosecuted where wrong-doing is established.
Will it happen?
With quotes (sadly, such is the shyness of those involved, a great deal
of black marker pen obscures both the originator's and recipent's
identities) such as:
need to quash any stories
trying to compare this to Chernobyl - by using the facts to discredit.
do not want to be on the
back foot with this. People at new build sites are
to be following closely.
should all work together -
including with the NIA to be robust. Everything in
with risk - but the mitigation with nuclear is so high that the risk is
minimal - as demonstrated in Japan - despite the extraordinary context
the plant has gone through."
We query why these suggestions for a common response to legitiamte
public concerns originated from a government department, whose
responsibility remains to protect the public - not blindly promote
Mark Higson, Office for Nuclear Development: "But he [Huhne] might, if
pressed, wish to
say he is asking Mike Weightman to provide a full assessment of the
implications and lessons to be learnt. If he does
be good if EdF could welcome. Not sure if EdF
asking for a review is wise. Might set off a
marker) at the Office for Nuclear Development to unknown industry
why we commissioned the report from Dr. Mike
don't anticipate that is going to lead to enormous changes
we have to wait and see the result of it, based on the facts."
[We read that as a nod to a blind donkey.]
The original article can be found at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/jun/30/british-government-plan-play-down-fukushima
or as an Acrobat file:
of the article from above site
We would recommend anyone interested to spend some time going through
the e-mails, as they give a good perception of the closeness between
those paid to represent out interests, yet who have chosen to become
P.R. managers for the industry. Small wonder they prefer to
Mind - If Not Heart
on the Energy Minister, Mr. C. Huhne, from the Times, 30/6/11:
2007, he described
nuclear as “tried, tested and failed” and urged
to stop the “sideshow of new nuclear power stations
he had said
that no private sector investor in the world had built a nuclear power
station without “lashings of government subsidy”
tragedies at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. “Our message is
clear, no to nuclear, as it is not a short cut, but a dead
Huhne’s decision to pick out France, in his most passionate
argument in favour of nuclear power yet, has infuriated Liberal
Democrat colleagues. Martin Horwood, the Lib Dem MP for Cheltenham who
has argued against an expansion in nuclear power since the disaster at
the Fuku- shima plant in Japan, called it “very
disappointing”. Lib Dems promised before the general election
oppose a new generation of nuclear power stations.
to the Government’s White Paper on electricity market reform,
Huhne said: “Some countries already have a head start.
Electricity prices in France are set to rise by around 3 per cent this
year; compare and contrast with Britain, where prices are rising by
three times as much.
surprise France is the European country with the least reliance on
fossil fuels, and enjoys some of the lowest prices — 9.4 per
also praised renewables, his decision to highlight France, which has 58
nuclear reactors compared with 19 in the UK, will be interpreted as a
call for the energy source to receive a particular boost.
We have already included previous statements attributed to Mr. Huhne,
who is currently being investigated for two criminal offences.
The favourite one being, "Over my dead body", in relation to nuclear
Any suggestions as to what might have persuaded Mr. Huhne to change his
minister, a couple of years ago, having awarded a
contract for submarines using nuclear power, very soon took up
employment with an American company, Hyperion, who just happen to
manufacture small reactors suitable for use in nuclear-powered
submarines. The ban on that M.P. lobbying on behalf of his
employer has only just expired. Consequently, a campaign has
recently appeared, supporting nuclear
but suggesting that small nuclear power plants - like those used in,
er, submarines, could be installed near to where they are needed.
Such a plan would reduce the infra-structure requirements and transmission
losses as well as obviating the need for planning controls from the IPC.
By careful design they could keep under the level at which
referral to the planners have to be involved. Happily that
reduces the ability of locals to object, but profit is the main thing
for any company with shareholders.
The comparison with other countries is somewhat spurious, as the market
in the U.K. has been deliberately distorted by the government in order
to make nuclear power economically viable. We are still
to find out about the Speaker Martin investigation into how the
industry's liabilities were capped at a ludicrously low level -
described at the time as a gross abuse of parliamentary process.
Apart from other distortions, there is the unbelievable idea that it is
possible today to estimate how much it will cost to decommission plant
and deal with nuclear waste 160 years in the future. Even
Huhne's apparent preoccupation with France seems to overlook that 3% of
the population there live in fuel poverty, even though there is a very
good social system to ensure minimum living standards, and that,
despite having 58 reactors, France is still a net importer of
electricity. Which companies are upping the cost of
in the UK? Will the new chairman of the Green Investment
look favourably on any loan application from
Will any loan be at proper market rates, or is this the way
which a subsidy can be given without being a subsidy? Aren't
course of development of this webpage we
have come across so
much material of a truly scary nature. It goes back to the early days of the deregulation of the power
in this country and overseas, and some of the antics are
worryingly conducive to the conspiracy theorist. One particular comment triggered a train of thought - it may help
of the material. Following the
new material, we have added to the original.
here to read a bit of fiction based on
anyone else find this quotation scary? It
seems a bit like a recommendation for brainwashing to us:
remember how we
discussed ways of getting the greenhouse effect, caused by burning
fossil fuels, onto the political and environmental agenda. At
several of the
blue sky meetings we also talked about education and my belief that we
must capture the minds,
if not the hearts, of
who were clearly
influenced by the stream of anti-nuclear programmes appearing on
television and, it has to be said, by the attitude of many of their
Sellafield", Quarter Books, 1996. ISBN 0 7043 8017 X)
that has arisen this year is in relation to the discharges of a
radionuclide known as antimony 125; it is discharged almost
entirely by the Fuel Handling Plant at Sellafield. . . .
has been a slight increase in discharges of this particular nuclide to
minutes for the 2/4/09, Para 93, Page 21)
decision by SL to
resume the reprocessing of spent fuel is almost certain to led to a
breach of the [antimony] 125Sb limit to air, however we are satisfied
that this would not cause any harm to members of the public or the
note for West Cumbria Sites
Stakeholder Group by the Environment Agency.)
A slight variation on the standard, "No animals were hurt, etc." rhetoric.
are all used to hearing
about the need for "zero tolerance" and how no incident is acceptable.
How come then that, after more than five decades of
Sellafield still had more than 1767 "incidents" in seven years?
[Source: "Briefing on Nuclear Programme", Mike Weightman,
Inspector at HSE Nuclear Directorate. Obtained via
Freedom of Information Act.]
This august body has the aims of protecting people and
from the hazards of the nuclear industry. (HSE Nuclear
Directorate's purpose statement.) The directorate is so
of inspectors (many of whom will also be retiring in a couple of years
time) that they have taken, or are about to take on, people from abroad
(mainly China) and are seriously considering seconding
people from the very corporations they are supposed to be inspecting!
A variation on the self-regulatory system that has failed so
abysmally in other, less vital, industries.
|The NII needs to have
inspectors and professionals by the end of the first quarter of 2009 so
the implementation of the short-term
recommendations must receive the
focused efforts and attention of government and the HSE in particular.
Failure to do so will seriously jeopardise
the delivery of a
element of this government's energy policy.
from the Stone Review.)
Seven years later have they achieved this?
site is under continual development. We intend, by using
site, to show the pro-nuclear propaganda to be the
pack of lies and half-truths that it is. It is
acknowledged that there has to be a change in the way in which we use
energy, and that the continued use of resources and production of CO2
cannot continue. We do not accept that the Cumbrian coast is
suitable place for what amounts to an overgrown industrial estate
stretching from beyond Barrow-in-Furness to Maryport. We do
accept that it is prudent to produce the most toxic substances known to
mankind and store them in vats until technology permits their safe
disposal some time in the future.
accept that it is responsible behaviour on anyone's
part to permit any industry to discharge such noxious substances into
the atmosphere or the sea, or to leach into the ground, or that it is
the government's rôle to permit such discharges.
site has been
compiled over more than seven years, and it would be remiss of us not
express our gratitude to all who
have helped with
information - sometimes several times a
day. At the outset our concerns lay with preventing RWE from building at Braystones. This we
helped to achieve, but then NuGen arrived with even worse plans. Let's hope we can help get rid of them, too.
To those people, who have supplied material, inspiration, support and
information, many thanks.
here to Contact us
If you would like to know more, or if you spot any inaccuracies, please
let us know.
We will make any corrections at the earliest opportunity, with any due